Stone calendar


From the history of Armenian coins. 1.First Armenian coins


The coins of kings of Sophene (Tsopk) dated to the second half of the 3rd century BC are believed to the first Armenian coins.
Coat of arms of Erivan (Yerevan 1843 y.)


On the green field silver Echmiatsin church with golden domes and crosses.
Coat of arms of Tiflis


Coat of arms of Tiflis (1843) consisted of two parts:
POTTERY


In traditional housekeeping at Armenians the pottery prevailed.
ARMENIAN CROSS STONES (KHACHKARS) A. L. Yakobson


A. L. Yakobson ARMENIAN CROSS STONES
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POTTERY



In traditional housekeeping at Armenians the pottery prevailed. It is necessary to notice that pottery on the Armenian uplands has deep roots. By archeologists magnificent samples of the ceramics have been found out concerning still by III millenium BC, and later - settlements of Urartu, for example from Karmir-blur. Medieval capitals of Armenia - Ani and Dvin were famous for the ceramics.
Though the products found here were especially local manufacture, some of them on technics of execution, colour scale, decorative receptions, to ornamental motives had certain analogies to the Persian and Byzantian samples that, undoubtedly, testifies that the Armenian masters of that time were well familiar with the cultural world surrounding them. Rural potters among whom there were also women, produced on a potter's wheel, and sometimes and without it, the various products necessary in a life, -carases, jugs, bowls, and also a tile for a roof, the tile for a floor, etc. Special skill was demanded by creation tint (tonir) - the traditional furnace serving for cooking and heating. Tint usually spread woman. Standing in the hole dug in the earth, it imposed circles against each other plaits from clay, allowing time to the bottom numbers to dry up and get stronger. Then fire was made in this cylinder for clay roasting. In tint burnt a different kind pottery: pitcher various size with one or two ears for storage of groats, oil and other products; used the same as pitcher, high ошнак with one ear and with a narrow bottom; intended for food cooking кчуч with two handles or путук without handles; deep bowls, sword bottom jugs and mugs for water, churns, saltcellars, fixtures. Pottery has not lost the value today, first of all in a rural life where wide demand for various traditional products from clay remains. I repeatedly observed work of modern potters in settlements Shaumjan (Ararat), Dzhadzhur and Marmashen (Shirac), Nngi (Арцах).


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