Stone calendar

From the history of Armenian coins. 1.First Armenian coins

The coins of kings of Sophene (Tsopk) dated to the second half of the 3rd century BC are believed to the first Armenian coins.
Coat of arms of Erivan (Yerevan 1843 y.)

On the green field silver Echmiatsin church with golden domes and crosses.
Coat of arms of Tiflis

Coat of arms of Tiflis (1843) consisted of two parts:

In traditional housekeeping at Armenians the pottery prevailed.

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Secret underground structures, water channels revealed under Ani Ruins

PanARMENIAN.Net - The underground secrets of the historic Ani Ruins, an ancient, 5,000-year-old Armenian city located on the Turkish-Armenian border in the eastern province of Kars, have been revealed, Hurriyet Daily News reported.

While speaking at the recent "International Ani-Kars Symposium," history researcher Sezai Yaz?c? said secret water channels, undiscovered monk cells, meditation rooms, huge corridors, intricate tunnels, unbelievable traps and corners that make one lose their sense of direction were just some of the unknown underground structures located at the ancient site.

Yaz?c? said a number of experts, academics and researchers attended the Kars Symposium, which was held at Kars? Kafkas University from Aug. 14 to 16. At the symposium, Yaz?c??s presentation titled, "Underground Secrets of Ani," drew a lot of attention since no previous publications on the underground structures had been mentioned before.

"In 2011 while working on a United Nations project in order to promote Kars and to reveal its historical and cultural heritage, I came across some pretty interesting information. One of the most important names of the first half of the 20th century, George Ivanovic Gurdjieff, who spent most of his childhood and youth in Kars, had chosen [to stay in] an isolated place in Ani along with his friend Pogosyan where they worked for some time together in the 1880s. One day, while digging at one of the underground tunnels in Ani, Gurdjieff and his friend saw that the soil became different. They continued digging and discovered a narrow tunnel. But the end of the tunnel was closed off with stones. They cleaned the stones and found a room. They saw decayed furniture, broken pots and pans in the room. They also found a scrap of parchment in a niche. Although Gurdjieff spoke Armenian very well, he failed to read Armenian writing in the parchment. Apparently, it was very old Armenian. After a while, they learned that the parchments were letters written by a monk to another monk," Yaz?c? said, speaking about how he became interested in the underground structures.

"Finally, [Gurdjieff and his friend] succeeded in understanding the letters. Gurdjieff discovered that there was a famous Mesopotamian esoteric school in the place where they found the letters. The famous school was active between the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. and there was a monastery there," he added.

Yaz?c? said Gurdjieff was the first person to mention the monastery that was located under the Ani Ruins.

??Gurdjieff?s discovery, nearly 135 years ago, could not have been confirmed until the excavation works of 1915. Years later, an Italian excavation team confirmed that it was a monastery. Before Gurdjieff, many travelers also observed that a significant population had lived in caves or rock houses in Ani," he said.

"The tunnels are above 500 meters in Ani. Most of underground structures and caves were used as houses. The metrical sizes of most of the underground structures have been measured and maps have been made for most of them," the researcher said, confirming that there were currently 823 underground structures and caves in Ani today.

Yaz?c? said among the most important underground structures were the Giden Gelmez Tunnel, Yeralt? Anisi (Underground Ani) and Gizli Kap?lar (Secret Doors). "On the other hand, Ani also has four complicated structures. It is very difficult to reach some of them. It is time to mention these underground structures in the promotion of Ani. The Culture and Tourism Ministry should put signs showing the places of underground structures and build walking paths. Underground structures draw great interest in the world," Yaz?c? said.

source: www.PanARMENIAN.Net

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