August 26, 2014 - 16:50 AMT
PanARMENIAN.Net - The underground secrets of the historic Ani Ruins,
an ancient, 5,000-year-old Armenian city located on the
Turkish-Armenian border in the eastern province of Kars, have been
revealed, Hurriyet Daily News reported.
While speaking at the
recent "International Ani-Kars Symposium," history researcher Sezai
Yaz?±c?± said secret water channels, undiscovered monk cells, meditation
rooms, huge corridors, intricate tunnels, unbelievable traps and corners
that make one lose their sense of direction were just some of the
unknown underground structures located at the ancient site.
Yaz?±c?± said a number of experts, academics and researchers attended the
Kars Symposium, which was held at Kars?ˆ™ Kafkas University from Aug. 14
to 16. At the symposium, Yaz?±c?±?ˆ™s presentation titled, "Underground
Secrets of Ani," drew a lot of attention since no previous publications
on the underground structures had been mentioned before.
2011 while working on a United Nations project in order to promote Kars
and to reveal its historical and cultural heritage, I came across some
pretty interesting information. One of the most important names of the
first half of the 20th century, George Ivanovic Gurdjieff, who spent
most of his childhood and youth in Kars, had chosen [to stay in] an
isolated place in Ani along with his friend Pogosyan where they worked
for some time together in the 1880s. One day, while digging at one of
the underground tunnels in Ani, Gurdjieff and his friend saw that the
soil became different. They continued digging and discovered a narrow
tunnel. But the end of the tunnel was closed off with stones. They
cleaned the stones and found a room. They saw decayed furniture, broken
pots and pans in the room. They also found a scrap of parchment in a
niche. Although Gurdjieff spoke Armenian very well, he failed to read
Armenian writing in the parchment. Apparently, it was very old Armenian.
After a while, they learned that the parchments were letters written by
a monk to another monk," Yaz?±c?± said, speaking about how he became
interested in the underground structures.
and his friend] succeeded in understanding the letters. Gurdjieff
discovered that there was a famous Mesopotamian esoteric school in the
place where they found the letters. The famous school was active between
the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. and there was a monastery there,"
Yaz?±c?± said Gurdjieff was the first person to mention the monastery that was located under the Ani Ruins.
?ˆ?Gurdjieff?ˆ™s discovery, nearly 135 years ago, could not have been
confirmed until the excavation works of 1915. Years later, an Italian
excavation team confirmed that it was a monastery. Before Gurdjieff,
many travelers also observed that a significant population had lived in
caves or rock houses in Ani," he said.
"The tunnels are above
500 meters in Ani. Most of underground structures and caves were used as
houses. The metrical sizes of most of the underground structures have
been measured and maps have been made for most of them," the researcher
said, confirming that there were currently 823 underground structures
and caves in Ani today.
Yaz?±c?± said among the most important
underground structures were the Giden Gelmez Tunnel, Yeralt?± Anisi
(Underground Ani) and Gizli Kap?±lar (Secret Doors). "On the other hand,
Ani also has four complicated structures. It is very difficult to reach
some of them. It is time to mention these underground structures in the
promotion of Ani. The Culture and Tourism Ministry should put signs
showing the places of underground structures and build walking paths.
Underground structures draw great interest in the world," Yaz?±c?± said. source: