Stone calendar


From the history of Armenian coins. 1.First Armenian coins


The coins of kings of Sophene (Tsopk) dated to the second half of the 3rd century BC are believed to the first Armenian coins.
Coat of arms of Erivan (Yerevan 1843 y.)


On the green field silver Echmiatsin church with golden domes and crosses.
Coat of arms of Tiflis


Coat of arms of Tiflis (1843) consisted of two parts:
POTTERY


In traditional housekeeping at Armenians the pottery prevailed.
ARMENIAN CROSS STONES (KHACHKARS) A. L. Yakobson


A. L. Yakobson ARMENIAN CROSS STONES
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Culture

superiority, and finishing the new period of history — Armenia has passed a difficult and interesting way of cultural development. It did not interrupt even when the country has been compelled to conduct long and persistent struggle against the powerful states of the West and the East. In this struggle the people have created the bright both original spiritual and material culture presented by set of products of the national art genius. Data on culture of the people occupying the Armenian highlands during pre-Christian epoch, is available much less, than historical data. Diplomatic correspondence of the Egyptian Pharaohs with local kings, remarks of antique authors, results of archeological excavations, guesses and comparisons of all of it to the Armenian legends of later time — here an outline on which there is rather not a full mosaic of representations about a cultural life of the people occupying the Armenian highlands in III-I millennia BC. The material culture of settled farmers-cattlemen III—II of millenia is presented BC by the magnificent gold bowl decorated with figures of lions, vessels from silver, ceramic vessels with a geometrical list, the bronze weapon, found at excavation of some barrows. The further stage of development of culture in territory of uplands and modern Armenia is presented by the monuments of a bronze age concerning by the end II — to the beginning of I millennium BC. On the reclaimed part of lake Sevan, near village Lchashen, well remained wooden vehicles, the bronze weapon, gold ornaments have been found. The bronze model of a chariot harnessed in pair of horses is especially interesting. These subjects belonged to Urartian, though the zenith of power of their state had on the middle of VIII century BC. Mute witnesses of greatness of Urartu — two fortresses-cities, Erebuni and Teishebainy which are in line of modern Yerevan. They are well enough surveyed by archeologists. The materials extracted at excavation, provide guidance on receptions of processing of bronze, iron, gold. Subjects from a tree, skin, a wool, the flax, produced for military and peace needs are numerous. The lay-out of these fortresses-cities consisting of a citadel, closed by walls, amazes imagination of the modern person. Samples of multi-colour wall lists of palaces and temples, the numerous small sculpture, the ornated weapon — are presented in a museum of Erebuni. Cuneiform writing and rich mythology — the echoes which have reached us of spiritual culture of Urartu. Myths themselves have not reached us, but presence testifies to their existence in a pantheon of a great number of deities of the rivers, mountains and lakes.


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